The surgical solutions of today for hair loss are not entirely effective. Most people want full heads. And yet, in current hair loss surgeries, one’s own hair is extracted from the donor area and is transplanted to the balding sites. In this process, no new hair grows or is added. Hair transplantation is what the name suggests. Already existing hair transplanted, and not new hair follicles.
Cloning hair follicles would make a tremendous change in hair transplant surgeries. At the moment, we need skilled teams, and labor to perform perfect hair transplant surgeries. It has a cost to both the patient, and the medical institutions. Even though not severe, there is a little bit of discomfort in the recovery phase.
If cloning hair follicles is successful, we will be able to clone many hair follicles, and will have an endless supply of hair follicles as grafts. Cloning might make injecting the cloned hair follicles rather than a whole surgery. A promising technique it is.
The news about cloning is everywhere, and most hair transplant or hair loss patients wonder if it is already available. Currently, it is not available, and the explanation is not very simple.
The Structure of the Cell:
In order to understand what cloning is we can start with understanding what cell are. A cell is a basic unit of life for all living organisms. In multi-celled organisms, cells have specialized jobs – they have certain functions. An organ is a structure composed of cells that have different jobs.
Hair follicles are organs too – they are only miniature.
Different cells have to work together to produce hair. Chromosomes have two strands of twisted DNA molecules and these are in a cell nucleus in all cells. DNA molecules carry certain information such as information about proteins. Proteins are important in the performing of the functions of cells. Dihydrotestosterone sends messages, keratin is structural, and the 5-alpha-reductase enzymes convert proteins. The 5-alpha-reductase helps convert testosterone to dihydrotestosterone.
Our genes contain information for making certain proteins – parts of DNA molecules contain genes. They have the code for certain types of proteins. There is a misconception about our genes. They do not tell the body to cause baldness or thick hair. They only contain instructions regarding making proteins. The proteins determine the characteristics including hair loss, our eye colors, and hair straightness, wave, or curls. Several different genes and proteins determine the physical characteristics of a person. They control the characteristics of your bodies.
And yet, a single cell in a multi-celled living does not contain only the instructions for that cell and the organ. They contain both the information about protein making for the whole organism and their particular job – the protein making instructions on their own. This means that while the cells in your iris make proteins that cause your eye color, but they do not make proteins for baldness. Though the information to make baldness or wavy hair, or other genetic traits are all in your iris cells. Your hair follicles also contain the information about your hair color.
Understanding the DNA is essential to the science of cloning.
Let us look at cell mitosis or cell division. For renewal and growth, a cell divides into two identical cells. This is how cells replicate themselves. In an organism, the cells may become more specialized and therefore divide less. When this happens, cell replication is done by the stem cells. All cells wear out with time, and we need new cells. Mature cells do not often replicate. This makes it difficult for the body to self-repair. It also makes cloning more difficult. Because cell stop dividing after a while, and stem cells replicate, cloning is difficult. Stem cells are hard to detect. The division of stem cells can lead to wrong DNA mutations. When stem cells make new cells, they create what the organism is requiring. If they are not making cells, then they can divide infrequently causing random mutations.
In a nutshell:
For hair transplant operations to be more advanced, we may the help of stem cells and cloning. Cells are the most basic units of a living organism – they make up tissue, and organs. They are the units of organisms.
Cells contain the DNA, and the DNAs contain OK, for a quick review, we’ve learned that cells make up tissue and organs, which make organisms. The DNA in cells carry genetic codes needed to make proteins. The cell puts the amino acids in the correct order. Cells have specializations. These specialized cells do not easily self-replicated. Then the stem cells come into play. They can divide. And yet, we need more research and practice to use stem cells in hair restorations.
Stem cells can allow a single donor area to create/supply an unlimited number of hair follicles. Stem cell hair restoration will cause no scarring, and discomfort.