The types of hair loss are many, and hair loss is a common issue. All human beings experience their hair falling out at some point in their lives. Shedding is a natural part of hair’s growth cycle.
Hair loss is medically called alopecia. This general medical term for hair loss is of Latin origin. However, not all types of hair loss are named alopecia. Only a medical doctor can diagnose an alopecia. And not all shedding is alopecia. There are hair loss types that go with the name effluvium, and there are other reasons and names for hair loss.
One can experience hair loss both on the scalp and on their body. All hair bearing parts of the body can experience hair loss. The male-pattern hair loss/baldness or androgenic alopecia is the most frequently seen hair loss/alopecia in the world. Hair loss is not a serious medical condition, and yet it has a huge impact on one’s emotional wellbeing.
In most cases, the cause of hair loss is hereditary. However, there can be other underlying causes such as the thyroid problems, malnutrition, scalp ringworm or other scalp diseases, anemia, and so on. The reasons for hair loss are not limited to these – and some conditions cause temporary hair loss. Most women experience hair loss around 3-5 months after giving birth or during menopause.
Some hair loss is local, and some affect the whole body or a larger area. Alopecia Areata, telogen effluvium, and female pattern baldness are quite common types of hair loss. The treatment of hair loss depends on the reason for hair loss – if there is an underlying condition such as anemia, a medical treatment for anemia should help stop the hair loss. If the hair loss is due to genetic reasons, then the permanent solution is having a hair transplant surgery.
Even if the diagnosis is correct, it does not guarantee total cure. Some hair loss types cannot be reversed. We still need more research to understand hair science, the causes and treatments of hair loss. Most people will lose hair with age, however, this loss is not always very significant. Not all hair loss is due to an illness.